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Study sets matching "zoology vert"

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Study sets matching "zoology vert"

57 terms
vert zoology
Deuterostomes
Coelomate
Characteristics of Chordate (10)
Verts characteristics
First opening is anus
Body lining
Deuterostomes, coelomate, notochord, dorsal hollow nerve cord…
Vertebral column around notochord and nerve cord, Cranium, mo…
Deuterostomes
First opening is anus
Coelomate
Body lining
17 terms
Vert Zoology
diadectomorpha
Carboniferous
Permian period
Costal ventilation
Carboniferous period. First evidence of large fully terrestia…
Mesozoic tetrapods 30 million year gap fossil record, followe…
Age of Amniotes. First diversification
facilitates dooming of skull. Large Brain. Elongate neck.
diadectomorpha
Carboniferous period. First evidence of large fully terrestia…
Carboniferous
Mesozoic tetrapods 30 million year gap fossil record, followe…
137 terms
vert. zoology
synapomorphy
osteichthyes--gar
devonian
cephalochordate
A shared derived character is known as a
This group has three semi-circular canals
The first chondricthian fishes appear in the ___ period
The lancet, Amphioxus = Branchiostoma is a
synapomorphy
A shared derived character is known as a
osteichthyes--gar
This group has three semi-circular canals
21 terms
Vert Zoology-
Cartilagenous skeleton
Two subclasses of Chondrichthyes
Elasmobranchii features include the:
. Holocephali features include:
no true bone 1. lighter body 2. keeps from sinking 3. ... - Some…
1. Elasmobranchii... 2. Holocephali
* Multiple gill openings on side of... head (5-7)... Rigid dorsal f…
• ONE gill opening on side of head... - Jaw fused to cranium... -To…
Cartilagenous skeleton
no true bone 1. lighter body 2. keeps from sinking 3. ... - Some…
Two subclasses of Chondrichthyes
1. Elasmobranchii... 2. Holocephali
18 terms
Vert. Zoology Ch 2
Arthopoda
Vertebrates are Chordata
Phylum means same as
Parazoa
More to discover
Chordates- Are amimals that posses notochord, a hollow dorsal…
a clade
Has no tissue
Arthopoda
More to discover
Vertebrates are Chordata
Chordates- Are amimals that posses notochord, a hollow dorsal…
53 terms
VERT. ZOOLOGY CH 3
Not all vertebrae have vertebrates
devonian
agnatha
gnathostomata
true
days of the fish
jawless
have jaws
Not all vertebrae have vertebrates
true
devonian
days of the fish
27 terms
Vert. Zoology Ch 1
what is a clade?
what does a clade or linage help with?
what a whales?
Linnaean
a natural evolutionary lineage including an ancestor plus all…
a hypothesis
Mammal, they have mammary glands and feed young
Are not clades, old hieracy system ... Classis 1. Mammalia... Class…
what is a clade?
a natural evolutionary lineage including an ancestor plus all…
what does a clade or linage help with?
a hypothesis
53 terms
Vert Zoology Test 2
Characteristics Of evolutionary Change
Population
What factors does unpredictability dep…
Premises of Phylogenetics
-Takes place within populations... -unpredictability... -proceeds m…
Consists of collections of ancestral- descent lineages.
- Random Genetic Change... - Population Structure ... - Environment…
1. Evolution is descent with modification ... 2. The basic struc…
Characteristics Of evolutionary Change
-Takes place within populations... -unpredictability... -proceeds m…
Population
Consists of collections of ancestral- descent lineages.
81 terms
Vert. Zoology Exam 2
pectoral girdle
pelvic girdle
buccal pumping/ positive pressure vent…
negative pressure ventilation
supports front fins or limbs. ... Bony fish have supracleithral…
in fish: pelvic fins attached to body by pubioischiatic plate…
expansion/contraction of oral cavity to bring in water then p…
negative pressure created in abdominal cavity created by expa…
pectoral girdle
supports front fins or limbs. ... Bony fish have supracleithral…
pelvic girdle
in fish: pelvic fins attached to body by pubioischiatic plate…
50 terms
Vert. Zoology (Reptiles)
Class: Reptilia
Subclass: Parareptilia
Order: Testudines
Chelydra serpentina
Subclasses:... -Parareptilia "at the side of reptiles"... -Eureptil…
Order: Testudines
Families:... -Chelydridae (snapping turtles)... -Emydidae (pond tur…
Common snapping turtle
Class: Reptilia
Subclasses:... -Parareptilia "at the side of reptiles"... -Eureptil…
Subclass: Parareptilia
Order: Testudines
25 terms
Vert Zoology Amphibians
Hellbender
Mudpuppy
Lesser Siren
Spotted Salamander
Order Caudata... Family Cryptobranchidae
Order Caudata... Family Proteidae
Order Caudata... Family Sirenidae
Order Caudata... Family Ambystomatidae
Hellbender
Order Caudata... Family Cryptobranchidae
Mudpuppy
Order Caudata... Family Proteidae
26 terms
Circulatory- Comparative Vert. Zoology
Function
Lymphatic system
Blood
Blood contains proteins for
Transport respiratory gases and nutrients, metabolic waste, h…
Drains fluids that accumulate in the tissues.
classified as a type of connective tissue. Plasma matrix
Clotting=fibrinogen... Fighting pathogens=antibodies or immunogl…
Function
Transport respiratory gases and nutrients, metabolic waste, h…
Lymphatic system
Drains fluids that accumulate in the tissues.
11 terms
Integument- Comparative Vert. Zoology
Basic structure
Epidermis
Keratin
Epidermis forms other material
Epidermis and Dermis
Continuously produced by basal layer. Upper layer mostly dead…
water insoluble protein deposited by specialized cells.
enamel and dentine
Basic structure
Epidermis and Dermis
Epidermis
Continuously produced by basal layer. Upper layer mostly dead…
30 terms
Muscular-Comparative Vert. Zoology
Function
Types of muscle
Smooth muscle
General types of smooth muscle
Movement, maintain posture, heat
Smooth, cardiac and skeletal
Slow contractions. Found: blood vessels, digestive, reproduct…
Single unit= Cells contract as single unit. Capable of self c…
Function
Movement, maintain posture, heat
Types of muscle
Smooth, cardiac and skeletal
15 terms
Respiratory- Comparative Vert. Zoology
Function
Respiratory organs
Skin
Gills
Take up gas needed for a cellular respiration and expel gas t…
Skin, Gills, Lungs
External cutaneous respiration
Dense capillary beds in branchial region
Function
Take up gas needed for a cellular respiration and expel gas t…
Respiratory organs
Skin, Gills, Lungs
92 terms
Vert Zoology Exam
Spotted Salamander
Red-spotted newt (also called "eastern…
Red eft
Mudpuppy
-After metamorphosis, it is mostly terrestrial and lives in m…
-Common in streams and ponds in eastern and southeastern U.S.…
-juvenile stage of the red-spotted newt with red/orange body…
-obligate paedomorphic salamander... -permanently aquatic (retai…
Spotted Salamander
-After metamorphosis, it is mostly terrestrial and lives in m…
Red-spotted newt (also called "eastern…
-Common in streams and ponds in eastern and southeastern U.S.…
61 terms
vert. Zoology final 2015
origin of the universe
Hubble space telescope 1995
propolyds
HL Tau
big bang theory- 13.8 billion years ago
saw more galaxies. ~12 billion light years away
dusty disks surrounding ... new stars in the Orion Nebula ... ~plan…
newly formed solar system 450 light-years from Earth in the c…
origin of the universe
big bang theory- 13.8 billion years ago
Hubble space telescope 1995
saw more galaxies. ~12 billion light years away
94 terms
Vert zoology exam 2
First evidence of jaws in fossil record
First bites were taken out of
Anomalocaris
First vertebrate evidence of jaws
Anomalocaris (530 mya)
Trilobites
Invertebrate that was dominant predator of its time with jaw…
Class Placodermi (arthrodira and antiarchi)
First evidence of jaws in fossil record
Anomalocaris (530 mya)
First bites were taken out of
Trilobites
64 terms
Vert zoology exam 1
Notochord
Dorsal hollow nerve cord
Pharyngeal gill slits/pouches
Post anal tail
Flexible rod shaped structure serving as muscle attachment po…
Root of central nervous system (spinal cord) allowing for inc…
Originally for filter feeding, then shifted to respiration an…
Posterior to anus and helps benefit locomotion leading to inc…
Notochord
Flexible rod shaped structure serving as muscle attachment po…
Dorsal hollow nerve cord
Root of central nervous system (spinal cord) allowing for inc…
38 terms
Vert Zoology Final Exam
Crocodilia Reproduction
Crocodilia reproduction (cont.)
Crocodile Age
Gharial (gavial)
-They use internal fertilization and males have a single peni…
-All species of crocodilians have temperature-dependent sex d…
-Crocodilians are long-lived species. ... Example: Alligators ha…
-Their skull has very long and narrow snout that is used to c…
Crocodilia Reproduction
-They use internal fertilization and males have a single peni…
Crocodilia reproduction (cont.)
-All species of crocodilians have temperature-dependent sex d…
59 terms
Vert zoology exam 2
Jaws evolved from what?
Difine Amphistylic
Were sharks first to have teeth?
Organization of teeth were different f…
Gill Arches
Jaw attaches to multiple arches
No, but have certain kinds of structure. such as three-cusp t…
Front sharp... Back Crushing
Jaws evolved from what?
Gill Arches
Difine Amphistylic
Jaw attaches to multiple arches
13 terms
Basic vocabulary for vert zoology
Kingdom
Phylum
Sub phylum
Notochord
Animalia
Cordata
Urochordata, vertebrata, cephalochordata
Flexable rod shaped structure. Muscle attachment points allow…
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Cordata
40 terms
Vert Zoology Week One
Domain of Vertebrates
Kingdom of Verts
Phylum of Verts
Sub-Phylum of Verts
Eukarya
Animalia
Chordata
Vertebrata, Urochordata, Cephalochordata
Domain of Vertebrates
Eukarya
Kingdom of Verts
Animalia
25 terms
Skeletal System- Comparative Vert. Zoology
Tissues of skeletal system have to
Primary types of skeletal tissue
Cartilage
Components of cartilage
Support body mass, organs and muscles
Cartilage and bone
Dense connective tissue, little vascularization
Cells=chondrocytes... Matrix=Collagen or elastin fibers and grou…
Tissues of skeletal system have to
Support body mass, organs and muscles
Primary types of skeletal tissue
Cartilage and bone
45 terms
Reproductive and Development-Comparative Vert. Zoology
Large molecules
Primary types of tissues
Epithelial is tissue that...
Epithelial is classified according to
Proteins, carbs, lipids, nuclei acids
Epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle
Covers body surface, or lines a body cavity
Number of layers and shapes of cells
Large molecules
Proteins, carbs, lipids, nuclei acids
Primary types of tissues
Epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle
Vert Zoology Weeks 3-4
Agnathans species number
Agnathans features
Classses of Agnathans
Mixini
70 living today
jawless, gills are supported by pharengyal bars of carilage,…
Mixini, Cephalaspidomorphi
order Myximiformes, hagfish
Agnathans species number
70 living today
Agnathans features
jawless, gills are supported by pharengyal bars of carilage,…
88 terms
Vert Zoology Exam 2 SHC 2015
Archosaurs have
Amphibian skin is
Amphibians and insects first appeared…
Theropods belonged to which group of d…
Antorbital fenestra
Smooth, moist with many glands
Devonian Period
Saurischians
Archosaurs have
Antorbital fenestra
Amphibian skin is
Smooth, moist with many glands
20 terms
BIO370- Vert. Zoology Test 2
Tetrapoda
Lepospondyls
Temnospondyls
Amphibia
-Nearest relative is Elpistostegidea.... -Early tetrapods were p…
-Small, salamander-like with some aquatic habitat... -Ho: modern…
-Crocodile-like, marine aquatic predators, flat immobile skul…
-Frogs, salamanders, caecilians... -Thin moist skin for cutaneou…
Tetrapoda
-Nearest relative is Elpistostegidea.... -Early tetrapods were p…
Lepospondyls
-Small, salamander-like with some aquatic habitat... -Ho: modern…
27 terms
vert zoology test 1 (edited and fixed)
Chordates
Urochordates
Euchordata
Cephalochordata (Lancelets)
post-anal tail, notochord, endostyle, dorsal hollow nerve cord
tunic, branchial basket
myomeres, closed circulatory system
buccal apparatus w/ myomeres and closed circulatory system, p…
Chordates
post-anal tail, notochord, endostyle, dorsal hollow nerve cord
Urochordates
tunic, branchial basket
9 terms
Vert. Zoology exam #3 tetrapods/archosaurs/synapsids
Origin of Tetrapods
Tiktaalik
what is the year Gap of trace fossils…
icthyostega
Evolved during the mid-Devonian period about 400 Million year…
a Sarcopterygian that lived in upper Devonian period about 37…
20 MY gap missing
365 MYA upper Devonian. very specialized and possessed region…
Origin of Tetrapods
Evolved during the mid-Devonian period about 400 Million year…
Tiktaalik
a Sarcopterygian that lived in upper Devonian period about 37…
225 terms
Vert Exam II
Five branchial arches
bone series in cranial skeleton
facial series
orbital series
pharyngeal, epibranchial, ceratobranchial, hypobranchial, bas…
frontal, temporal, palatal, vault, orbital, mandibular
maxilla, premaxilla, nasals (septomaxilla)
lacrimal, prefrontal, postfrontal, post-orbital, jugal
Five branchial arches
pharyngeal, epibranchial, ceratobranchial, hypobranchial, bas…
bone series in cranial skeleton
frontal, temporal, palatal, vault, orbital, mandibular
17 terms
Vert: chapter 3 study guide
List the general morphological charact…
List the ecology and behaviors of the…
List the general Petromyzontoidea char…
List the general Petromyzontoidea char…
-No jaws ... - No paired fins ... - No vertebrae ... - No scales ... - Si…
- Deep sea scavengers -Knotting for eating... - Slimming... — pro…
- Feed attached to host -"Hunting" behaviors unknown -Anadr…
General morphology... - Arcualia... — Tiny cartilaginous vertebra‐…
List the general morphological charact…
-No jaws ... - No paired fins ... - No vertebrae ... - No scales ... - Si…
List the ecology and behaviors of the…
- Deep sea scavengers -Knotting for eating... - Slimming... — pro…
202 terms
Vert Test 2
Vertebrata, Ostracodermi, Gnathostomat…
Large Glomeruli, moderate urine, never…
Small Glomeruli, concentrated urine, c…
Constantly peeing, constantly taking i…
Stepwise Phylogeny up to Tetrapods
Marine Chondrichthyan Water Regulation (4)
Marine Osteichtyhan water regulation (3)
Freshwater Osteichtyhan water regulation (3)
Vertebrata, Ostracodermi, Gnathostomat…
Stepwise Phylogeny up to Tetrapods
Large Glomeruli, moderate urine, never…
Marine Chondrichthyan Water Regulation (4)
219 terms
Vert Test 3
Caudata
Long Tail, Sturdy Limb, Elongate Verte…
Axial Bending
Cryptobrancoidea
Salamanders
3 plesiomorphic body plan characteristics of Caudata
Plesiomorphic Locomotion of Caudata
Group of Caudata, Most ancestral, External Fertilization.
Caudata
Salamanders
Long Tail, Sturdy Limb, Elongate Verte…
3 plesiomorphic body plan characteristics of Caudata
112 terms
Vert Test 1
Terminal Taxa
Branch
Node
Sister Taxa
Tips of the branches in a cladogram
Lineage of interbreeding organisms
Divergence or speciation event, hypothetical Most recent comm…
Taxa that share a MRCA
Terminal Taxa
Tips of the branches in a cladogram
Branch
Lineage of interbreeding organisms
89 terms
Vert
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family,…
Dorsal
Ventral
caudal
Taxonomic heirarchy
position of the spine
position of the sternum
position of the feet (human)
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family,…
Taxonomic heirarchy
Dorsal
position of the spine
127 terms
Vertebrate Zoology Exam 1
Cladistics
Fish
Taxonomy
Phylogeny
Diagraming evolutionary relationships.
An ectothermic vertebrate that lives in the water and has fins.
A scientific discipline concerned with naming and classifying…
The study of evolutionary relationships among organisms.
Cladistics
Diagraming evolutionary relationships.
Fish
An ectothermic vertebrate that lives in the water and has fins.
91 terms
Vertebrate Zoology Exam 2
Class Chondrichtyes
Two groups within Chondrichtyes
Elasmobrachii
Subclass Holocephali
Cartilaginous skeleton.
1. Elasmobranchii... 2. Holocephali
"Plate gills."... Sharks, skates, and rays.... 5-7 gill openings.
"Whole head."... Autostylic suspension.... Chimaera, ratfish.... Subcl…
Class Chondrichtyes
Cartilaginous skeleton.
Two groups within Chondrichtyes
1. Elasmobranchii... 2. Holocephali
31 terms
Vert Zoo Exam One (Part IV)
Alfred Weneger
Pangea
deuterostomes
Walter Garstang
Theory of Continental Drift
During the Triassic (about 230 million years ago), all the co…
chordates are classified as
hypothesized that the first vertebrates could have evolved fr…
Alfred Weneger
Theory of Continental Drift
Pangea
During the Triassic (about 230 million years ago), all the co…
31 terms
Vert: living on land
Discuss the main reasons why the verte…
food
ecological niches
We discussed nine challenges to living…
-food... -ecological niches
-plants... -invertebrates
all current niches were free
1.Support... 2.Locomotion... 3.Food acquisition... 4.Reproduction…
Discuss the main reasons why the verte…
-food... -ecological niches
food
-plants... -invertebrates
53 terms
zoology exam 5
4 unique characteristics of chordates
S.P. Vertebrata - 3 unique characteris…
Osteichthyes Unique Characteristics (2)
Osteichthyes Evo Success (3)
Segmented muscles... Ventral Heart... Complete Digestive System... End…
Living endoskeleton of cartilage or bone... Cephalizaton and adv…
Endochondral Bone - replaces cartilage during development... Swi…
Operculum - Bony flap over gills that draws water over gills…
4 unique characteristics of chordates
Segmented muscles... Ventral Heart... Complete Digestive System... End…
S.P. Vertebrata - 3 unique characteris…
Living endoskeleton of cartilage or bone... Cephalizaton and adv…
35 terms
Chapter 7: Vert evolution vs. Earth history
Era
period
BEGINNING/ENDS
You should be able to distinguish the…
period of time of arbitrary but well defined
divisons of eras
marked by major events in earth histroy
...
Era
period of time of arbitrary but well defined
period
divisons of eras
66 terms
Vert Zoo Mammal ID and Scientific Names
Mammal Class
Mammal subclass
Marsupial Infraclass
Virginia Opossum Order
Mammalia
Theria
Metatheria
Didelphimorphia
Mammal Class
Mammalia
Mammal subclass
Theria
35 terms
Zoology Chapter 11
Plesiadapiformes
Strepsirhini
Adapiformes are part of the clade
Purgatorius is an example of
example; purgatorius ... basal primate or sister group
Clade of primates
Strepsirhini ... ex; Smilodectes
Plesiadapiformes
Plesiadapiformes
example; purgatorius ... basal primate or sister group
Strepsirhini
Clade of primates
12 terms
Vert Primates
Characteristics of Primates (5.5)
Forelimb adaptations (7)
Reproductive characteristics
Prosimians ("before" - "apes")
Binocular vision, colour perception, reduced snout and olfact…
clavicles, flexible shoulders, rotating forearm, opposable th…
2 mammary glands, 1 young per pregnancy, parental care, long…
Bush babies, lemurs, lorises, pottos. Tree shrews (insectivor…
Characteristics of Primates (5.5)
Binocular vision, colour perception, reduced snout and olfact…
Forelimb adaptations (7)
clavicles, flexible shoulders, rotating forearm, opposable th…
14 terms
Vert Zo_Fish
Family: Salmonidea... Oncorhynchus mykiss
Family: Salmonidea ... Oncorhynchus clarki
Family: Salmonidea... Salvelinus fontinalis
Family: Salmonidea... Salmo trutta
Rainbow Trout
Cutthroat trout
Brook Trout
Brown Trout... Advanced neopterygians - "Teleostei"
Family: Salmonidea... Oncorhynchus mykiss
Rainbow Trout
Family: Salmonidea ... Oncorhynchus clarki
Cutthroat trout
36 terms
Vertebrate Zoology Chapter 1
No other taxa besides vertebrate have…
notochord
Phylum Chordata
What are the three main eras?
bones
flexible tough rod that runs along the body down the back. ma…
vertebrates are part of this larger group, defined by the not…
Palaeozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic
No other taxa besides vertebrate have…
bones
notochord
flexible tough rod that runs along the body down the back. ma…
138 terms
Vert Zoo Fish List
Lake sturgeon
Lake sturgeon
Paddlefish
Paddlefish
Acipenser fulvescens
Polyodon spathula
Lake sturgeon
Acipenser fulvescens
Lake sturgeon
20 terms
Vert Zoo Lab Birds
Common Loon
Pied-billed Grebe
Brown Pelican
Double-crested Cormorant
Common Loon
Pied-billed Grebe
53 terms
Vert Zoo Mammals
Virginia opossum
Virginia opossum
Masked shrew
Masked shrew
Didelphis virginiana
Sorex cinereus
dark brown, tail clearly bicolor
Virginia opossum
Didelphis virginiana
Virginia opossum
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