Why did women join the workforce in growing numbers in the late nineteenth century?
- The feminist movement encouraged farm girls and young immigrant women to work in order to become independent of their families.
- Changes in agriculture brought young farm women into the industrial labor force, and immigrant daughters worked to supplement meager family incomes.
- Industrialists thought women would have a civilizing influence on the brutal factory conditions.
- Trade unions won a series of court cases opening employment opportunities for women.
- The Civil War had created a shortage of male workers.
Which of the following statements accurately summarizes the nature of Gilded Age politics?
A. Presidents tended to be far more powerful than parties during the Gilded Age, transforming the nature of the executive branch.
B. New movements and parties failed to arise at any point during the Gilded Age, as it came to be defined by the remarkable existing leadership.
C. Elections remained one of the few areas of politics that were untouched by the influence of Big Business.
D. Dominated by "special interests," the Gilded Age showed more political corruption than political innovation.
E. Gilded Age politicians struck a sharp contrast with leaders of Big Business in that politicians based their decisions on morality alone.
When Britain and France went to war in 1793, the United States:
A. It supported Britain because of its conservative government.
B. It supported France because of the Franco-American alliance.
C. It expressed neutrality, warning Americans not to aid either side.
D. It allied with other nations to oppose both Britain and France.
E. It sharply increased its military spending.
Which of the following statements best represents the division between Patriots and Loyalists?
- Most American colonists were Patriots, with only a few traditionalists remaining loyal to the King and Empire.
- Most American colonists were Loyalists, with only a few firebrand revolutionaries leading the charge for independence.
- American colonists were divided among those who wanted independence, those who wanted to remain part of the British Empire, and those who were neutral.
- The vast majority of American colonists were neutral and didn’t take a side between Loyalists and Patriots.