Art History flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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Bone ash mixed with clay formed into shapes and subjected to high heat for a long period of time.
A craft involving the use of metal parts.
A term used to describe a period in history where the stage of cultural evolution included the use of stone tools, existence of settled villages, and presence of crafts including weaving and pottery.
a. apses and illuminations b. flying buttresses and rib vaults* c. transepts and ambulatories d. stained-glass windows and altarpieces e. none of the other answers
a. Renaissance b. Baroque* c. Enlightenment d. Mannerism e. none of the other answers
a. composite view b. hierarchical scale c. hieroglyphs d. all of the previous answers* e. none of the previous answers
The 4 periods of Gothic art
The creator of the Gothic style-- designed the church of Saint Denis
Early Gothic church-- designed by Abbot Suger-- design derived from Romanesque facades-- 3 stories-- larger, more decorated portals than Romanesque churches
The earliest African sculpture in the round is from which group?
A "horned headdress" on the running female from Tassili can signify _________."
Tassili is in which country?
Conques, France was an important stop on the pilgrimage road to _____________
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
Series of chapels arranged around an ambulatory in the apse of a cathedral
It commemorates the emporers acheivements
cubiculae and tablinum organized around a peristyle
atmospheric and intuitive perspective to create the illusion of real space
the act of bringing together disparate customs or beliefs. historians usually describe Roman culture as syncretistic, because Romans embraced many of the practices of those they conquered.
a vault formed by a continuous semicircular arch so that it is shaped like a half-cylinder
1. in ancient Roman architecture, a large, oblong building used as a public meeting place and hall of justice. it generally includes a nave, side aisles, and one or more apses 2. In Christian architecture, a longitudinal church derived from the Roman basilica and having a nave, an apse, two or four side aisles or side chapels, and sometimes a narthex 3. any one of the seven original churches of Rome or other churches accorded the same religious privileges
Mannerist and late Cinquecento painting: The decorative program of the Sistine Chapel encapsulates the history of salvation. It begins with God's creation of the world and his covenant with the people of Israel (represented in the Old Testament scenes on the ceiling and south wall), and continues with the earthly life of Christ (on the north wall). is among the most powerful renditions of this moment in the history of Christian art. Over 300 muscular figures, in an infinite variety of dynamic poses, not bound by a painted border. the viewer will be among those whose fate is determined.
Mannerist and late Cinquecento painting: Before he became known as Saint Paul, Saul was a persecutor of Christians. This early painting by the Venetian master Jacopo Tintoretto depicts the moment that led to Saul's conversion. As described in Acts 9:3-7, he traveled from Jerusalem to Damascus to destroy the churches there. As Saul and his troops approached the city, he saw a flash of light around him and, falling to the ground, heard a voice say, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?"
Mannerist and late Cinquecento painting: The painting depicts the martyrdom of St. Peter. According to ancient and well-known tradition, Peter, when he was condemned to death in Rome, requested to be crucified upside-down because he did not believe that a man is worthy to be killed in the same manner as Jesus Christ.
early medieval, silver gilt worked in filigree, stone inlay, animal interlace, cloissone, abstracted form animals-eagel, fish, accompany to burial, clasp, portability, personal adornment
anglo saxon, had leather, animal interlace, decoration, heraldic composition, geometric, complex cloisonne
viking, vitality animal from, spirit energy embodied, tech sea power, geometric stylization, curvalinear, dug up grave robbery (825)
6th Century CE. 540 CE. Ravenna Italy Ravenna was a stronghold of the Byzantine Empire in Italy during Justinian's rule. San Vitale represents a Byzantine building of a type derived mainly from Constantinople. The octagonal plan with a circular core ringed by an ambulatory is a descendant of the Santa Costanza in Rome. San Vitale is larger and richer in spatial effect than Santa Costanza. The movement around the center space is enlivened so that the decorated spaces are energetic. The aisle itself has a second story, the galleries. The circle oozes out to the aisle, adding a complexity to the building. San Vitale is decorated with lavish mosaics, and there is an ethereal feel to it.
540 CE San Vitale Ravenna, Italy This shows Justinian about to enter the church, as if San Vitale was a palace chapel. The figures are tall and slim, and seem only capable of making ceremonial gestures while wearing magnificent costumes. There is no hint of movement. The union of political and spiritual authority expressed in these mosaics reflect the divine kingship of Justinian. It shows that the emperor derives his power from the church and the military. Justinian holds bread, which refers to the Eucharist. Justinian is with 12 figures, referring to the 12 apostles. The shield on the military men is the chi rho iota, which is Christ's monogram. Furthermore, Justinian is wearing purple against a golden background, suggesting his imperial stance.
540 CE San Vitale Ravenna, Italy Similar to Justinian's mosaic. The figures are tall and slim, and seem only capable of making ceremonial gestures while wearing magnificent costumes. There is no hint of movement. The union of political and spiritual authority expressed in these mosaics reflect the divine kingship of Justinian. It shows that the emperor derives his power from the church and the military. Theodora is holding a chalice, suggesting that she is part of the church. She wears purple with a golden background, suggesting Byzantine imperial standing.