History of Dance flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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solo female temple dancer, Hindu, stories of Krishna. Devotional dances where the body is treated as a tool for achieving greater insight.
Kathakali sign language. Hand gestures
Dance Drama-highly trained male performers. Performing stories from Hindu epics (heros, deities and demons)
15th-century Italian humanists to designate the period between ancient times and the modern period of Western European culture. Later historians further divided the Middle Ages into early, high, and late periods.
French term for "rebirth;" it opens the door to modern times in Western Europe.
Church organized a world in chaos. The Roman Empire Fell while classical antiquity suffered a civilization collapse: • Rome was exhausted and she imploded within • The power of Rome was gone
Choreographed by Lev Ivanov because Marius Petipa got sick Composed by Tchaikovsky in 1892. One of the many famed Petipa ballet's that marks the classical period. Simple story about a girl's Christmas Eve dream journey to the realm of the Sugar Plum Fairy that touches upon the topics of friendship and family life, as well as the power of the imagination. Became a beloved holiday tradition.
Perrot ballet where Taglioni, Grisi, Cerrito and Grahan were featured. This Ballet became the talk of London. All four ballerinas fought over who would dance 2nd to last; Perrot suggested they go in order of age which stopped the fighting
choreographed by Acts I and III by Petipa and Acts II and IV by Ivanov in honor of Tchaikovsky (died in 1893) Plot:A Prince meets a swan who has fallen under an evil sorcerer's spell, the spell can be broken only if a man remains faithful to her, the prince swears his allegiance to her but at a ball he meets Odile who has disguised herself as Odette therefore the prince marries her Significance: Ballet displays love's triumph over deception; the fouetté became very popular in this ballet due to Pierina Legnani; Odette and Odile played by the same ballerina
(for music as well as dance); mainly for couples; around 1620; consisting of the allemande, courante, sarabande, and gigue; replaced the two-part suite; provided much of the movement vocabulary for the development of ballet in France; many composers used these forms in their compositions.
couple dance; in 4-4 time; entrance into the space; interludes so the couple could talk; had a signature move "the allemande", spinning under each other's arms; L'allemande (the name of the specific dance); heeled shoes; graceful arm movement; a couple dance performed at court; began in Germany; replaced the Pavane as the opening dance when the two-part suite became the four-part suite; performed in 4/4 time in a slow tempo with flowing movement, and it had a sentimental, often melancholy quality; had three parts separated by intervals during which the couples engaged in conversation; a distinguishing feature of the dance was that the couple held one or both of each other's hands, and the gentleman often turned the lady under his arm, or vice versa; popular from the mid-1500s to around the mid-1700s.
term relates to the French word "run"; quick; more lively than the allemande; some pantomime incorporated; slow, French, usually composed in 3-2, serious, solemn, noble, grande, majestic, slowest dance with three beats to the measure; the second dance of the four part suite; originated in Italy and became very popular in France; in ¾ time and had running passages of eighth notes, to which the dancers executed short, light, running steps; one version that was popular in France was performed by three couples who engaged in a pantomimic dance of courtship and flirtation; a favorite court dance from 1550 to 1750.
it began to racially integrate "black" rock and roll music into "white" dance culture
- focus on the group with brief solos - prominent male/female coupling - bending forward at the waist - individual improvisations
Flapping at the legs
- period up until 3000 BC - oldest art form known to the world - best evidence are cave paintings - dance was not about aesthetics or look of dance, more about meaning of dance - simple steps (hopping, skipping, swaying, walking, running) - used dance as main source of communication (with each other and gods) - American Indian dance theatre - American Indian Dance - eagle dance - imitation of bear/lion
1. Dance as imitation (imitating animal) 2. Medicine dance (make somebody well) 3. Commemorative dance (celebration, birth, fertility, wedding) 4. Dance for spiritual connection
- 3000 BC to 400 AD - people start to develop skills - technical brilliance - stamina and artistic achievement extremely important in development of technique - Bharat Nat Yam - dance of technique - Indian - dance described as thought, combined with dramatic intent, and aesthetic elements were consciously sought - dance takes on more definite shape - no longer only about communication and ritual - development of verbal language, invention of writing, development of centralized government change the role of dance in society - india
-1640-1750 (approximate) -Establishment of the Royal Academy of Dance (Paris Opera) -Proscenium stage, usually raked -Candle stage lighting, dark audience -Content loosely connected songs, dances, and spectacle -Developed codified movement vocabulary for ballet -"turn out" of the legs -5 positions of the feet -Positions of the arms -First "technically trained ballet dancers"
-Women-heavy court dresses, petticoats, pannes and corsets -Men-coats, vests, pantaloons, hose and ruffled shirt -Both-stiff leather shoes with heel
-Ballet aesthetic shifts to "storyline and/or communication of feelings or message." -Mid-late 1800's through
Catherine de Medici's choreographer
• Sixteenth Century o Simple floor patterns and poses o Elaborate costumes that restricted the body from moving o Lasted many hours o Performed for nobility Louis XIV The Sun King • Louis established the Royal Academy of Dance in France • Court ballet flourished • Royal Academy of Dance is now called the Paris Opera which exists today o Proscenium stage was created at the end of the century • Took on a more serious quality • Technique was developed
Dance is the only art in which we ourselves are the stuff of which it is made. *Ted Shawn* I do everything I know how in a dance. *Twyla Tharp* Dances commissioned by kings were traditional and strengthen the existing order. Dance creators saw themselves not as artist but as craftsmen. The 20th century brought a revolution in dance. Lead by the choreographer, they saw older dance forms having little to do with the contemporary world. The idea that dances could be a medium of personal expression was revolutionary at the beginning of the 20th century. In this chapter we will discover the when, where and why of this dance movement.
Artists were influenced by events and social issues in the world around them. They wanted to express their personal visions through movement. This 20th century revolt against the formality of ballet developed primary in the United States and Germany. Each generation of modern dancers has a flavor of its own, and a place of its own in history. Two 19th Century movement theorists inspired the movement. François Alexandre Nicolas Chéri Delsarte developed a system of natural expression and gestures. Émile Jaques-Dalcroze utilizes physical movement and musical rhythms to reinforce the concepts which affect the students' performance and rention of musical basics. He called his theory Eurhythmics. François Alexandre Nicolas Chéri Delsarte was trained as an actor and tenor with the Opera Comique. His singing career was shortened by vocal damage. Delsarte was interested in enhancing performance through pose and gesture. He studied and recorded everyday life human gesture. Delsarte recorded thousands of gestures and identified their time, motion, space and meaning. Émile Jaques-Dalcroze developed eurhythmics, a method of learning and experiencing music through movement. The Dalcroze Method involves teaching musical concepts through movement
Rudolph Von Laban devised systems of analyzing and notating dance and all movement. His 1928 publication of Kinetographie Laban, a dance notation system that came to be called Labanotation and is still used as one of the primary movement notation systems in dance. Labanotation is a system of analyzing and recording of human movement. Similar to music notation Labanotation uses a staff. It consists of three lines and runs vertically. The score is read from the bottom to the top of the page. Movement on the left side of the body is written on the left side of the staff and movement on the right side of the body is written on the right side of the staff Marie Wigman studied under Emile Jaques-Dalcroze and Rudolf Von Laban. Wigman started a school in Dresden in 1920, which became known as "DRESDEN CENTRAL SCHOOL" a center for modern dance innovation. Her schools in Germany continued to operate under Nazi rule in World War II where she obeyed the rule of government and fired all her Jewish dancers (which was customary at the time). The primary musical accompaniment for her most well-known dances was percussion, which contrasted greatly with her use of silence. Mary would often employ masks in her pieces, influenced again by non-western/tribal themes. Mary Wigman's "Witches Dance" Mary Wigman's dance company toured the United States. She was asked to open a studio in New York City. Hanya Holm was sent to direct and teach the Wigman technique. Due to the rise of fascism and a need to distance the school from German ties, it became known as the Hanya Holm Studio. Holm's technique stressed the importance of pulse, planes, floor patterns, aerial design, direction, and spatial dimensions. Holm's dance work Metropolitan Daily was the first modern dance composition to be televised on NBC, and her Labanotation score for Kiss Me, Kate (1948) was the first choreography to be copyrighted in the United States.
- Mother of Modern Dance - Considered a rebel and free spirit - Rejected ballet traditions, danced barefoot - Believed movement is motivated by emotions, should be expressed though your whole body - Never formally trained, dancing was more about feeling than form - Inspired be nature and ancient Greek history - Hopping, running, swaying, skipping - Solar Plexus: center of the body, area from which all movement is generated
Her early works are indicative of her interests in exotic mysticism and spirituality.
one of the first notable male pioneers of American modern dance. Along with creating Denishawn with former wife Ruth St. Denis he is also responsible for the creation of the well known all-male company. With his innovative ideas of masculine movement he is one of the most influential choreographer and dancer of his day. He is also the founder and creator of Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival in Massachusetts.