Philosophy flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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states that the moral rightness of an action is determined solely by its results
you believe that it is morally right to do whatever promotes your self-interest.
states that self-interest is the only thing that ever motivates anyone
The character-development of a person.
Its not the action that someone takes or the consequences of the action that are important but what the decision to act says about that person's moral character.
The Greek philosopher Aristotle.
Idea that individual animals have an interest in their lives and a corresponding right not to suffer or be killed (associated with Regan); see also animal welfare.
Idea that animal suffering matters and that we should not cause unnecessary harm to animals (associated with utilitarianism and Singer); see also animal rights.
Idea in hunting ethics that the animal should stand some chance and the hunter requires some skill and good luck.
in this method, you assume the opposite of what you want to prove and then that this assumption leads to a conclusion that's obviously incorrect. also called proof by contradiction and reductio ad absurdum
the person who created axioms and theorems.
the father of Isaac, Called to leave his father's house. Promised to have many descendants, including the one who would bless the whole world, Jesus. Descendants became the nation of Israel
Son of Abraham that recieved the Blessing from God. Descendants became the nation of Israel
grandson of Abraham, son of Isaac and Rebekah, His name was changed to Israel, and his 12 sons became the 12 Tribes of Israel.
Virtue Ethics are not concerned with what we ought to do, but with what kind of person we should be. It comes from the word Arête which means virtue and excellence. The first person to put forward the idea of looking inwardly in such a way was Aristotle. Proposing the ethical theory in Nicomeachean Ethics, Aristotle argued that as humans everything we want or desire should lead to happiness, because happiness is good as an end in itself.
1. intellectual virtues 2. moral virture
are learned through instruction. i.e. they are taught. These are developed in the rational part of the soul.
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 & 2 Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings, 1 & 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon