Calligraphy flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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Top 11 sets of about 760
Lesser Chuan Greater Chuan
Plum Blossom Chrysanthemum They can grow in difficult weather, they are straight and tall, in difficult times they still grow strongly and are evergreen. Also flexible
WATER, METAL, EARTH, FIRE, WOOD
Pictures/drawings that represents what is shown; picture writing. Language/writing. ex. A drawn sun represents a sun.
(Places) L: Bulls A: Red Buffalo Medium: Oil paint (Pictographs; lots of drawings of animals)
Writing evolves from mark-making to an agreed upon repertoire of symbols. A social activity. Common shared knowledge (measurements and rules/laws) help to stabilized societies.
a picture that represents an important event or idea
written symbol for a sound
A character or figure in a writing system in which the idea of a thing is represented rather than it's name (example: Chinese)
A set of visual symbols or characters used to represent the elementary sounds of a spoken language.
Existed on the Mediterranean island of Crete - was third in its level of advancement - behind Egypt and Mesopotamia.
A Mediterranean island
Pictographs: represents a thing through a picture Phonogram: symbol that represents a sound Ideogram: symbols that represents abstract ideas
cuneiform- looking for triangles
record keeping, knowledge, asserting ownership, standardizing measurements, making codes and laws public
Represent a thing--a concrete thing A pictorial symbol for a word or phrase. drawn on the cave as well (hall of bulls at lascaux) images that resemble something (like kanjis, start by a picture, and create a kanji that resemble. like yama)
letter or symbol that represents a sound represent SOUND the car + pet =carpet example
A character or figure in a writing system in which the idea of a thing is represented rather than it's name (example: Chinese) Representation of IDEAS starts from pictograph, and then ideas are born from it to turn it into ideographs represents idea-abstract concrete things
Chinese calligraphy is closely linked with Chinese civilization in the past, and even now it plays an important role in Chinese people's daily living. Name three examples to indicate how important Chinese calligraphy was in the past and still is in the present time.
What are the 3 purposes of using calligraphy in commercial signs?
Name three characteristics of the Chinese language
_________- an ancient writing system, is used today by more people than any other visual language system Purely visual language (as opposed to the alphabet).
__________- a magnificent and economical substrate for transmitting info, and printing (the duplication of words and images) made possible the wide communication of thoughts and deed.
_________- graphic signs that represent an entire word; Chinese characters
_________- is a set of visual symbols or characters used to represent the elementary sounds of a spoken language. They can be connected and combined to make visual configurations signifying sounds, syllables, and words uttered by the human mouth this word derived from the Greek alphabet from the first two letters: Alpha and Beta A set of visual symbols or characters used to represent the elementary sounds of a spoken language Early visual language systems, including cuneiform, hieroglyphics, and written Chinese (see chapter 3), contained a built-in complexity. In each, pictographs had become rebus writing, ideographs, logograms, or even a syllabary. But these early writing systems remained unwieldy and required long, hard study to master. For centuries, the number of individuals who gained literacy was small. Their access to knowledge enabled them to acquire great power in the early cultures. The subsequent invention of the alphabet (a word derived from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta) was a major step forward in human communications. An alphabet is a set of visual symbols or characters used to represent the elementary sounds of a spoken language. They can be connected and combined to make visual configurations signifying sounds, syllables, and words uttered by the human mouth. The hundreds of signs and symbols required by cuneiform and hieroglyphics were eventually replaced by twenty or thirty easily learned elementary signs. Figure 2-1 shows stages in the evolution of Western alphabets. Numerous and often conflicting theories have been advanced about the origins of the alphabet; suggested sources include cuneiform, hieroglyphs, prehistoric geometric signs, and early Cretan pictographs
_________- Created short pictographic inscriptions including the Phaistos Disk (liked on Crete)
_________- Cretan pictographs may have been the origin of the alphabet. Alphabet letters were similar to Phoenician in appearance. Linear A: Phaistos Disk
A relic of the Minoan civilization, which was unearthed on Crete in 1908. Displays one of the earliest types of alphabets. Remains a great mystery for its existence.
2000 BCE A writing script developed by Byblos, the oldest Phoenician city-state, which used pictographic signs devoid of any remaining pictorial meaning.
A true semitic alphabetical script, found on clay tablets inscribed around 1500 BCE. Used 30 cuneiform-like characters to represent elementary consonant sounds.
Pi-Sheng, Chinese alchemist, invented movable type with characters made from heat-hardened clay glue in the 11th century. Movable type was used in Korea and the by Gutenberg
Made by boiling linseed oil and soot, which produced a thick, tacky ball that could be smeared on metal type
The Egyptian used papyrus for paper, then the Chinese invented paper from wood pulp. Then paper became the writing medium in the West