Biological Chemistry flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
molecule composed of many monomers; makes up macromoleucles
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type of nutrient that is the major source of energy for the body
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
every carbon atom is bonded to four different atoms; no new atoms can be added along the chain.
Is a process in which proteins or nucleic acids lose the quaternary structure, tertiary structure, and secondary structure.
A single particle of an element; the building blocks of matter
a compound in which atoms are held together by covalent bonds
a strong chemical bond formed by 2 atoms sharing electrons
The subatomic particles that make up atoms are protons, neutrons, and electrons.
The basic unit of matter.
The center of the atom that is formed by protons and neutrons bound together with strong forces.
The branch of organic chemistry that explains the chemical composition of living organisms and breaks down life processes by examining the small interactions and reactions between molecules
A waste product formed in the liver, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine
The theory that life is more than the chemicals which make up living things; The belief that synthesis of organic compounds requires the presence of a vital force; Or, the idea that organic compounds arise only in organisms
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element, the smallest "piece" of gold that can still be gold for example.
An atom with the same number of protons and a different number of neutrons from other atoms of the same element.
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between oppositely charged ions.
A type of protein that speeds up, build, or break down a chemical reaction in a living thing; lower activation energy. Protein, biological catalyst
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
The part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction occurs
In biology, this is a small part in an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction.
Protein catalyst that speeds up the rate of specific biological reactions
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
The basic unit of matter; the smallest component of an element that retains the chemical properties of the element.
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contains most of the atom's mass (protons and neutrons).
A positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom.