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Group problem solving process where each person shares ideas in open forum.
a LIMITATION or RESTRICTION that must be followed by designers. (Ex. cost, time )
Set of measurable STANDARDS or REQUIREMENTS that the design must meet.
A material that allows heat and electricity to pass through it.
A material that does not allow heat or electrons to move through it easily.
Form of heat transfer where heat energy is directly transferred between molecules through molecular collisions or direct contact.
The TOTAL AMOUNT of kinetic energy from the movement of particles in a substance.
A measure of the AVERAGE kinetic energy of the particles of a substance.
degrees Celsius or degrees Fahrenheit
to move from one place, person, or thing to another
a form of energy that is transferred from an object with a higher temperature to an object with a lower temperature
the process of giving off energy in the form of waves, such as light or heat
A characteristic that can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the substance (size, shape, color, mass, density, etc.)
A change in a physical property of a substance, that does not involve a change in the chemical identity of the substance
A change in size, shape, texture or state
- other sociological theories tried to explain why individuals, communities or cultures engage in crime and violate the law - Control theories on the other hand assume crime does not need a special explanation and therefore the approach to the problem of crime comes from a different perspective
- theory less about prescription and more about intervention and prediction - shift towards practical theory - don't need motivation: just uncomplicated factors
Travis Hirschi (1969) Causes of Delinquency Travis Hirschi (1977) the important differences between delinquents and non-delinquents are not differences motivation; they are rather, differences in the extent to which their natural motives are controlled.
materials that allow electric charges to flow through them easily: metals, glass, water, and humans
Do not allow electricity to flow through them easily: plastic, rubber, wool, etc...
A circuit that does not have a complete connection between the two sides of the power source. As a result, current does not flow.
heat transfer by direct contact
heat transfer in gases and liquids; WARM MATTER RISES AND COOLER MATTER SINKS; this makes gas and liquid flow in a pattern
heat transfer through indirect contact via electromagnetic rays (sun, fire, heater)
Change in position / time
Change in velocity (m/s) / time (s)
mass (kg) x acceleration (m/s^2) , any action on a body that tends to change its size, shape, or its state of rest or motion
-Hirschi says assumption is people have uniform motivation for deviance and crime and the only question is why don't they do it -Distinction between control theories and "positivist" theories is a matter of emphasis not mutually exclusive as claimed by Hirschi and other control theorists
A. Reiss - personal and social controls B. Nye - direct (both reward and punishment); indirect controls (moral development, people we care about); internal controls (shame and guilt;interaction with our environment, its once we start being socialized that we learn what we're supposed to do or if we don't measure up ) <- interactions w the external world. C. Reckless - inner and outer pushes produce delinquency unless controlled by inner and outer containment D. Sykes & Matza- Neutralization: justifications and excuses, delinquents don't reject pro-social; subterranean values that circumvent and rationalize. E. Matza Drift- Episodic release from moral restraints; way of breaking social bonds (definitions) these kids can't conform; they can only hold an conforming identity for so long and the deviant behavior is the release of that pressure valve.
Nye: -The affiliation that we naturally go through with our peers then they begin to come more important to us than our parents, or is it dependent with the kind of peers we associate with. Reckless: -ID. these internal and external pushes and pulls will lead to delinquency unless they are counterbalanced w containment. The awareness that is located in our muscle structure. -Outer-parental and school supervision. inner-strong conscience. -If you have a good self concept at 12 you are less likely to be arrested at 16.
The horizontal rows on the periodic table. Elements in the same row have the same number of electron shells/energy levels.
The vertical columns on the periodic table. Elements in the same group/family have the same number of valence electrons. (Except Helium which is in Group 8, but only has 2 valence e-)
Are good conductors of electric current and heat. -Malleable -Ductile -Metallic luster -Solid at room temperature
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Archival and primary source websites
They identify materials with personally chosen keywords.