Gastroenterology flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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Bariatric surgery is performed to treat morbid obesity by restricting the amount of food that can enter the stomach and be digested.
inflammation of the small intestine caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral and bacterial pathogens
Rita Martinez is a dentist. She described her patient Mr. Espinoza as being ______________ , which means that he was without natural teeth.
The surgical joining together of two normally distinct organs
A hard, impacted mass of feces in the colon
Narrow slits of clefts in the abdominal wall
presence of gallstones within the common bile duct
-formed from impaired metabolism of cholesterol, bilirubin, & bile salts -contain cholesterol, unconjugated bilirubin, bilirubin calcium salts, fatty acids, calcium carbonates and phosphates, and mucin glycoproteins
obesity (including rapid weight loss in obese persons) middle age females use of oral contraceptives American Indian ancestry gallbladder, pancreatic, or ileal disease genetic predisposition low HDL hypertriglyceridemia gene-environmental interactions
A large gland behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzymes into the duoderum. Embedded in the pancreas are the islets of Langerhans, which secrete into the blood the hormones insulin and glucagon.
Its role is to carry bile from the gallbladder and empty it into the upper part of the small intestine (the duodenum).
The excretory duct of the pancreas extending through the gland from tail to head where it empties into the duodenum.
produces bile which travels through the hepatic duct to the cystic duct
connected to the cystic duct that stores and concentrates bile for later use
where forced bile from the cystic duct goes after the gallbladder contracts
breaks down food fibers, converts pepsinogen to the digestive enzyme pepsin, and kills microorganisms in food
from pancreas, continues the digestion of carbohydrates that began in saliva from amalyze, breaks down carbohydrates and starches into sugars and fibers
digestive enzyme that breaks down protein foods into protein molecules
gastrointestinal (GI) system
digestive tube called GI tract (or alimentary canal) and several accessory organs whose primary function is to break down food, prepare for its absorption, and eliminate waste
liver, pancreas, gallbladder
the excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is a common cause of gas in the stomach
also known as amebiasis, is transmitted by food or water that is contaminated due to poor sanitary conditions
a surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures
allows for transmission of food to the stomach
prevents reflux from the stomach from entering into the esophagus; true sphincter
opens with swallowing and prevents air from entering the esophagus during breathing; reduces backflow from the esophagus into the pharynx; false sphincter