Preventive Medicine flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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- Advice regarding safe food and drink - Insect avoidance - Respiratory exposures - Environmental and animal exposures - Blood-borne infections - Sexual encounters - Injury
•All raw food is high risk - Avoid salads, uncooked vegetables, unpasteurised milk and cheese - Eat food that has been cooked and is still hot or fruit that can be peeled - Undercooked and raw meat, fish, and shellfish are high risk • Avoid food from street vendors
•If chlorinated tap water is unavailable or sanitation is poor, only the following are safe to drink: - Beverages, such as tea and coffee, made with boiled water - Canned or bottled beverages - Beer and wine • Avoid ice and avoid brushing teeth with tap water
1. mortality 2. complications 3. infection, spread 4. diet, lifestyle
1. Behavioral 2. Environmental 3. Metabolic
false positive unnecessary
Elanco dewormer flavor tablet for cats & dogs against adult roundworm, hookworm and whipworm. Prevention for heartworm. Tablet given 1 Q 30 days, Safe to use @ 2 weeks of age. Also a new tablet-Interceptor Plus is available for dogs, 6 weeks +, it's the same as Interceptor but also kills tapeworm.
Elanco dewormer tablet for cats, 6 weeks of age up. Treats and prevents roundworms, tapeworms, heartworm and hookworms. Consult a vet for use on pregnant/nursing cats.
Elanco dewormer flavor tablet for dogs. Against adult roundworm, hookworm and whipworm. Prevention for heartworm. Tablet given 1 Q 30 days, Safe to use @ 2 weeks of age & up. Also is a prevention for flea eggs and larvae.
☛2013- *129,060 cases* were notified from *47 countries,*(2,102 deaths) *True number* ☛1.4-4.3 million cases ☛28,000-142,000 deaths annually ☛Two serogroups of V. cholerae - 01 and 0139 cause outbreaks. ☛Global warming ⬆︎
Both depends on agent and environment
☛ability to *survive* in environment ☛*virulence* ☛average no. of organism to cause infection
What 2 public health interventions underscore the the idea that tension arises from the restriction of individual liberties while operating in the greater interests of the community?
How does one describe the patient panel of public health?
The anticipation, *prediction*, *identification*, *surveillance*, evaluation, *prevention*, and *control* of disease and injuries.
Production of antibodies that prevent illness from a specific microbe.
Killed or live viruses. Attenuated- meaning weakened virus.
Make antibodies in response to a foreign organism. Can be active or passive. Can be natural or artificial.
Pathogens Present in Blood or OPIM-Other,Potentially, Infectious,Materials
Other Potential Infectious Material such as: semen,vaginal secretions, body fluids, saliva in dental,body fluids where it is difficult to differentiate, unfixed tissue or organ from a human, HIV or HBV containing cultures, culture med, or other solutions, blood, organs, tissues from animals infected with HIV<HBV<BBP's
a break in the skin, mucus membranes, sexual contact other modes
A group of students are reviewing class material about immunizations and vaccines. The students demonstrate understanding of the topic when they state that immunizations and vaccines:
An infant is seen in the clinic for first immunizations. When providing client teaching to the parent, which is no longer recommended for administration?
When providing client teaching to parents regarding measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine administration, which is most important regarding the schedule for administration?
Is a disease state that results from the presence of pathogens in or on the body.
Are disease-producing microorganisms.
Is the ability of a microorganism to produce disease.
Bed linens, bodily fluids, inhalation of droplets
Eliminate sources of standing water (empty water from flower pots, pet food and water dishes, birdbaths, etc)
Prevention of the disease before it happens, sex education, prenatal class, provide immunizations, safety education
identification of pathogen and applying appropriate treatment
potential hosts and carriers must practice asepsis and maintain proper personal hygiene
- healthcare personnel must practice standard precautions - control body secretions and wash hands according to protocol