Development Geography flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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help given to poorer countries. It can be in the form of money, technology or training.
the reduction or cancellation of debt that LICs owe to either the World Bank or developed nations
a process of change to improve people's lives
Indicator of level of development for each country, constructed by United Nations, combining income, literacy, education, and life expectancy
Modification of the HDI to account for inequality within a country
The value of the output of goods and services produced in a country in a year, including money that leaves and enters the country
States that LDCs tend to have a higher dependency ratio, the ratio of the number of people under 15 or over 64 to the number in the labor force.
The value of the total number of goods and services produced in a country in a given time period (normally one year).
Is similar to GDP except that includes income that people earn abroad.
-the process of improving the material conditions of people through the diffusion of knowledge and technology. -the improvements in standard of living and quality of life that follows on from a country becoming richer
-per capita is low -wealth is unevenly distributed -primary industries dominate national economies -many practice subsistence agriculture -rural; but cities are growing rapidly -birth/death rates are high -life expectancy is low -inadequate/unbalanced diets from low consumption of protein, diseases, and health care is poor -overcrowding -poor housing -poor education -high levels of illiteracy -low levels of science -women are inferior to men
-per capita is high -farming is commercial -manufacturing and service industries dominate economy -wealth is distributed evenly -urban; slowly growing cities -birth and death rates low -life expectancy high -adequate supply of diet -social conditions good -good education -high literacy -advanced in technology -women are equal in status to men
The status of a country based on its quality of life, including social and economic aspects.
Numerical data (e.g. development indicators)
Data in the form of words (e.g. people's experiences)
a process of improvement in the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology
compares the ability of women and men to participate in economic and political decision making
indicator of level of development for each country, constricted by united nations, combining income, literacy, education and life expectancy
series of links connecting the many places of production and distribution and resulting in a commodity that is on world market
with respect to a country, making progress in technology, production, and socioeconomic welfare
the total value of all goods and services produced by a country's economy in a year
As one (1) of the largest and fastest growing economic sectors in the world, tourism is well-positioned to foster economic growth and development at all levels and provide income through job creation to those related to promoting empowering less favored groups, particularly youth and women.
Tourism can spur agricultural productivity by promoting the production, use, and sale of local produce in tourist destinations and its full integration in the tourism value chain. In addition, agro-tourism (it is the act of visiting a working farm or any agricultural or agri-business operation for the purpose of enjoyment, education or active involvement in its activities), a growing tourism segment, can complement traditional agricultural activities. The resulting rise of income in local communities can lead to a more resilient agriculture while enhancing the value of the tourism experience.
Tourism's contribution to economic growth and development can also have a knock-on effect on health and well-being. Foreign earnings and tax income from tourism can be reinvested in health care and services, which should aim to improve maternal health, reduce child mortality, and prevent diseases, among others.
Series of links connecting the many places of production and distribution and resulting in a commodity that is then exchanged on the world market.
A location along the transport route where goods must be transferred from one carrier to another. In a port, the cargoes of oceangoing ships are unloaded and put on trains, trucks, or perhaps smaller riverboats for inland distribution.
The total value of all foods and services produced by a country's economy in a given year. It includes all goods and services produced by corporations and individuals of a country, whether or not they are located within the country.
Areas with low rainfall (e.g. desert) cannot be agriculturally productive.
e.g. wood, oil, minerals, palm oil, productive soil
Damage caused by these to crops, infrastructure and economy can impede development.
A highly industrialized country characterized by significant technological development, high per capita income, and low population growth rates. Examples of such countries include the United States, Japan, Canada and many Western European countries.
The concept of the third world serves to identify countries that suffer from high infant mortality, low economic development, high levels of poverty, low utilization of natural resources, and heavy dependence on industrialized nations.
A process of improvement in the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology.
The gap in economic conditions between regions, such as LICs and HICs, because of globalization of the economy
The differences in wealth and power among countries
The cycle by which being poor leads to people being poor.
a numerica quantitative measure of quality of life in a country. Eg dental health
A process of change that improves the wellbeing of people across the whole nation
development that balances current human well-being and economic advancement with resource management for the benefit of future generations
*Development*-It is about improving(people's lives) *Development indicators*- they are used to measure how a country is improving.(such as economy,healthcare etc..)
*Social* -education -health *Historical* -colonialism -neo-colonialism *Economic and political* -Government systems -International relations *Environmental* -climate -topography
Gross Domestic Product (about the economy of a country.
Oil that has been discovered but remains unused in the ground.
Petroleum as it comes out of the ground before it has been refined or processed into useful products.
A wealthy country with an advanced economy.
This social indicator tells us about how long people live, on average.
This social indicators tells us the % of adults who can read or write.
This social indicator tells us about water and sanitation provision.
An economy in which production is based on customs and traditions and economic roles are typically passed down from one generation to the next.
Type of economic system where the government owns and operates the businesses
Economic system where individuals and companies are free to make a profit with limited government control.