Canon Law flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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Every person is obliged to follow moral law because it is our conscience which is a gift from God that reflects His wisdom and love. The moral law prevents us from being completely devoured in evil and attracts us to do good things. By listening to our conscience and the moral law, we live in loving communion with God.
Five different types or expressions of moral law are eternal law, natural moral law, law and the original covenant, canon law, law and the new covenant, and moral law and the church.
Natural law is a gift from God that allows us to understand how the world around us works through intellect.
Our God-Given instinct to be in right relationship with God, other people, the world, and ourselves.
The Law of Moses, the Ten Commandments. It contrasts to the New Law of the Gospel.
Another name for the Ten Commandments, also called the law or the Law of Moses.
Love your neighbor; giver everyone whatever is his or her due; and care for the precious life God gave you.
An ordinance of reason for the common good, promulgated by the one who is in charge of the community.
Our participation in the divine law, the light of understanding that God placed in us at creation. The three precepts are : preserving life; developing as individuals and communities; and sharing life with others.
the order in creation that reflects god's will and purpose; it is eternal because it is always true and never changes. All other types of law have their basis in Eternal law and are only true if they reflect the truth of eternal law.
the moral law is established by god is a rational expression of eternal law. moral law reflects god's wisdom; it is the teaching thaat leads us to the blessed life he wants for us
the moral law that can be understood through the use of reason. it is our god-given ability to understand what it means to be in right relationship with god, other people, the world, and ourselves. the basis for _ is our participation in god's wisdom and goodness because we are created in the divine likeness
An office tied to land and source of income. A juridical entity erected in perpetuity by competent ecclesiastical authority. It consists of a sacred office and the right to receive the corresponding revenues.
Measure or norm of conduct, The authentic compilation of the laws of the Catholic Church. Code of Canon Law, promulgated by Pope Benedict XV in 1917, Since the Second Vatican Council, a new compilation has been undertaken of existing Church laws in 1983.
A letter carrying broad authoritative decisions of the Pope on matters of discipline, or the Pope's reply when he has been appealed to on a matter of discipline to a local church or Bishop.
Vows taken to poverty, chastity, and obedience in order to live the Gospel more fully. The evangelical counsels were typically embraced by those in religious life.
The minimal obligations for members in good standing of the Catholic faith community
The full body of officially established rules governing the Catholic Church, which was last revised in 1983.
The order in creation that reflects God's will and purpose; it is eternal because it is always true and never changes
Established by God, is a rational expression of Eternal Law
The moral law that can be understood through the use of reason
All human organizations need law in order to operate effectively because without law there would simply be madness and chaos. Since Canon Law helps to order the Church it also has the same purpose as the Church, which is stated in canon 1752 as the salvation of souls. The structure of Church authority that canon law is rooted in is found in the Bible. The way in which people should be corrected is found in Matthew 18:15-18 where there is a chain of command that is present, i.e. correct him, get others to correct him, then go to the Church to get him corrected. First Millennium: 1. found in the Didache, the writings of the Church Fathers. 2. connected to the Roman State the Church began to form itself through the use of Roman civil law. Classical Era (1140-1325): 1. Many different rules were not yet synthesized and collected. 2. The work of John Gratian, who organized the laws historically 3. The work of St. Raymond of Penyafort, the patron saint of canon lawyers. Modern Era 1325- Vat. I.: 1. Curia develops and morality and canon law are mixed together. 2. Council of Trent that passed laws reforming the church and dealt with the clergy. Contemporary Era: Vat. I - 1983 Two codes of canon law came out at this time, the 1917 Code and the 1983 Code of Canon Law. After 1983: Slight changes to the Code, such as Pastor Bonus in 1990 along with Ex Corde Ecclesiae and Institutio Generalis Missalis Romani in 2001.
Common purpose of the Law is to bring justice and order A. Order and Law in the New Testament a. Church order b. Authority as a form of Service c. Structure of authority d. Communio and collegiality e. Office holders f. Sacraments B. First Millennium a. Ignatius of Antioch (in the Didache) encouraged the election of a bishop in each region. b. Council of Nicea and all early Church councils and synods began establishing laws. c. Canon Law was influenced by Roman civil law, Church-state issues, patriarchical authority,monarchical rule of bishops, nomadic tribes and fealty relationships. C. Classical Period (1140-1325) a. John Gratian organized the first Canon in Concordantia Discordantum Canonum b. Raymond of Penyafort is the patron of Canon Law and organized Corpus Iuris Canonici. D. Modern Period of up Vatican I Council of Trent emergences the Roman Curia and issued on morality. E. Contemporary Period up to 1983 a. Codex Iuris Canonici was officially promulgated in 1917 by Pope Benedict 15th b. Vatican II, Pope John XXIII to request an "aggiornamento" (updating) of the Code in 1958. c. Codex Iuris Canonici was finally officially promulgated in 1983 by Pope John Paul II F. After 1983 a. Some major additional laws: "Pastor Bonus" in 1988 - Roman Curia b. "Apostolos Suos" in 1998 regarding the teaching authority of the Conference of Bishops c. "Institutio Generalis Missalis Romani" in 2001
It prominently employs the "People of God" language and the threefold division of the Church's mission: teaching, sanctifying, governing (these are called munus) // service, function, duty or work. It is divided into 7 Books: 1. General Norms (tool box) 2. People of God (longest) 3. Teaching (new) 4. Sanctifying 5. Temporal Goods (briefest) 6. Sanctions 7. Procedures The Code consists of 1,752 Canons very different in style, content, weight, and application. Together they represent the controlling center of the Church's whole canonical system.
the order in creation that reflects God's will and purpose; it is eternal because it is always true and never changes. All other types of law have their basis in eternal law and are only true if they reflect the truth of eternal law
is established by God and is a rational expression of eternal law. reflects God's wisdom; it is the teaching that leads us to the blessed life he wants for us
the moral law that can be understood through the use of reason. it is our God-given ability to understand what it means to be in a right relationship with God, other people, the world. and ourselves
to prevent us from living in a chaotic world, to help us order our lives according to God's plan for us and to govern the relationships we have with one another and with God
the Old Law
the natural law
Eternal law, natural law, positive law, and the New Law.
The plan of divine wisdom that governs the universe physically and spiritually.
Every true law, whether physical, moral, or man-made is derived from God's eternal law.
has its source in the Trinity; God's fatherly instruction, the work of God's providence, wisdom, power, and goodness
the highest norm of human life (in Old and New Testaments)
our participation in God's divine law, the light of understanding that God placed in us at creation
The proper authority for governing and enforcing laws at the local, municipal, state, or national level.
A rule of conduct imposed by civil authority; the body of such rules binding on members under control of the authority, whether from formal enactment or custom.
The total of social conditions that will allow both individuals and groups to reach their human and spiritual fulfillment more easily.
The order in creation that reflects God's will and purpose; it is eternal because it is always true and never changes. All other types of law have their basis in it and are only true if they reflect this truth.
Law is established by God and is a rational expression of eternal law.It reflects God's wisdom; it is the teaching that leads us to the blessed life he wants for us.
The law that can be understood through the use of reason. It is our God-given ability to understand what it means to be in right relationship with God, other people, the world, and ourselves. The basis for natural law is our participation in God's wisdom and goodness because we are created in the divine likeness.
"Divine Law." Order in creation. Always True. Never changes.
That can be understood through use of reason. An integral part of our human nature. The Golden Rule. St. Thomas Aquinas based his theological doctrines on this law. Church's social teaching has its foundation in this law.
Torah (law) found in the first five books of this law. Covenant with Israelites - Chosen people. Summarized in the Ten Commandments (Decalogue). Unique - define relationship between God and Israel (community). "Guidelines" as how to remain faithful to covenant.
Laws explicitly communicated by God, such as the ten Commandments or the preaching of Jesus
Laws created by the proper authority that enjoin specific obligations upon individuals and bind conscience insofar as they conform to the dictates of the divine and natural laws
Law legislated by the God. Ex: Precept of charity, established by Christ in scriptures