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It prevents parties from entering into contracts with which they do not agree.
Promises made in consideration of marriage
The test for compliance with the one-year rule, considers the possibility of completing the contract in one year as defined by the terms of the contract.
the region of hair located outside the medulla and it contains granules of pigment
the tough and transparent outer layer of the hair shaft. It is made of scales that overlap one another and protect the inner layers of the hair.
the central core of a hair fiber
the scale structure covering the exterior of the hair
The second layer of hair that contains pigment granules.
Innermost layer of hair that consists of a tube filled with cells.
appurtenant easement. Appurtenant easements are owned by adjoining properties and are often for purposes of ingress and egress.
An easement in gross is typically owned by a utility company. It has no specific location and is personal property.
An encroachment is a trespass and will not run with the land as an interest in another property.
HRA has incorporated ECHR into English law. s2(1) creates duty for courts, or tribunals when dealing with questions connected to ECHR to consider judgments of ECtHR.
1. Alconbury 2. Kay v Lambeth 3. Ex parte Ullah
HOL said lower courts should a clear and consistent line of jurisprudence with the ECtHR unless special circumstance or decisions disrupt power of UK.
Testimony or other evidence of communications between the parties that are not contained in the contract itself
Contract is determined to have been the complete and final statement, and parol evidence is excluded
the first major overhaul of telecommunications law in almost 62 years.
was that it was necessary because the market for telecommunications services was a natural monopoly, and therefore a second competitor would not survive.
was imposed to protect consumers from monopolistic abuses.
immobility, permanence & uniqueness
means acting on behalf of another in expectation of compensation
the individual who hires & gives authority to the agent of representing his or her insterest
A. Contracts whose terms prevent possible performance within one year
E. Contracts related to an interest in land and promises made in consideration of marriage, but not contracts related to any lease
Those laws based on the principle that everyone has a civil duty to be careful and not to hurt or harm another person
A particular category of tort laws (e.g. negligence)
the value (such as cash) given in return for a promise (in a bilateral contract) or in return for a performance (in a unilateral contract). Often, consideration is broken down into two parts: 1. something of legally sufficient value must be given in exchange for the promise, and 2. there must be a bargained-for exchange.
To be legally sufficient, consideration must be something of value in the eyes of the law. The "something of legally sufficient value" may consist of the following: 1. A promise to do something that one has no prior legal duty to do. 2. The performance of an action that one is otherwise not obligated to undertake. 3. The refraining from an action that one has a legal right to undertake (called a forbearance).
The seller promises to ship specific goods to the buyer, and the buyer promises to pay for those goods. Each of these promises constitutes consideration for the contract.