Pediatric Psychology flashcards, diagrams and study guides
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A state of wellbeng in which a mother realised her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, cn work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to the community
When: • Preconceptiom • Antenatal-during pregnancy • Postnatal-birth until up to a year Why: • Existing mental disorder • Relapse pre-existing condition • Develop mental disorder Baby blues and common maternal distress symptoms
• Depression (postpartum depression) • Anxiety (postpartum anxiety, panic disorder) • Psychosis (postpartum psychosis) • PTSD (postpartum PTSD) • Bipolar • Shizophrenia • Substance abuse (alcohol, drugs) • Personality disorders Eating disorders
- NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER - Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts - Restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviors or interests (at least 2) - MUST be seen in early developmental period - significant impairment/distress, not something else
- social-emotional reciprocity - non-verbal communicative behaviors - relationships
- stereotyped or repetitive movements, objects, or speech - insistence on sameness, inflexibility, or ritualized behavior - fixated interests that are abnormal - hyper/hypo-reactivity to sensory input
describes children who display persistent age-inappropriate symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impassivity that are sufficient to cause impairment in major life activities
lacking the ability to focus or sustain one's attention. children who are inattentive find it difficult to sustain mental effort during work or play and behave carelessly, as if they are not listening
displaying an unusually high level of energy and an inability to remain still or quiet
PEDS Practice: Chapter 28 Nursing Care of the Child with an Alteration in Behavior, Cognition, or Development
The child constantly opens and closes his hands. Repetitive motor mannerisms such as constantly opening and closing the hands are a typical behavior pattern for ASD. A high level of activity and inattentiveness are typical symptoms of intellectual disability. Decrease in head circumference suggests malnutrition or decelerating brain growth. A long face and prominent jaw are symptoms of fragile X syndrome.
"The most common drug used by teenagers is alcohol." Alcohol is the most common mind-altering substance used by adolescents, and its use or use of tobacco or other substances in adolescence can lead to serious concerns.
attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). The child with ADHD may have these characteristics: Impulsiveness, easy distractibility, frequent fidgeting or squirming, difficulty sitting still, problems following through on instructions despite being able to understand them, inattentiveness when being spoken to, frequent losing of things, going from one uncompleted activity to another, difficulty taking turns, frequent excessive talking, and engaging in dangerous activities without considering the consequences.
2 A patient with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder does not follow rules in a game and has conflicts with peers. Methylphenidate (Ritalin) is a physicostimulant drug used in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Botulinum toxin type A (Botox) is given in Tourette's syndrome to calm the muscles. Naltrexone (Revia) is an opioid antagonist which is usually given in Tourette's syndrome to block the euphoric responses. Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) is an antihistaminic drug prescribed for allergies.
"Would you draw me a picture of your family?"
The teacher should encourage the child to theme draw.
Restraint and seclusion are psychologically harmful and may be physically harmful.
Children between the ages of 6 and 11 are within the developmental stage referred to as "_____."
When comparing the growth of children from ages 6 to 11 to infants or adolescents, one notices that children _____.
Children usually have all of their permanent teeth by _____.