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字彙聖經 000 - 015
Terms in this set (96)
to lower oneself or sb. in dignity; to degrade onself or sb.
Ex: A man who betrays a friend abases himself.
△ debase, degrade, demean
to cause to feel embarrassed
Ex: Nothing can abash him.
△ discomfit, disconcert, embarass, rattle
to become less strong or decrease
Ex: The ship sailed when the storm had abated.
△ ebb, subside, wane
to shorten (a word, phrase, etc), esp by omitting letters
★ abridge, curtail, retrench
to resign from or formally renounce the throne
Ex: Louis XVI of France abdicated in 1792.
★ predict (-dict)
△ renounce, resign
1.偏差，越軌 2.失常，一時失憶 3.毛病，差錯
a deviation from what is accepted as normal or right; a moral or metal lapse; a temporary loss of memory; a fault or defect
Ex: The movie star claimed that she stole the hats in a moment of abberration.
△ derangement, insanity, lunacy
to help or encourage sb to commit an offence or do sth wrong
△ foment, incite, instigate
a state of not being used at present
Ex: The decision was in abeyance until he returned from holiday.
to feel hatred and disgust for (sb/sth); to detest
△ detest, abominate, loathe
to promise or swear to give up (a claim, an opinion, a belief, etc); to renounce formally
Ex: The conqueror made the natives abjure their religion.
△ forswear, recant, renounce, retract
1. to give up rights or a claim; to renounce 2. to deny (something) to oneself
Ex: He abnegated to participate in the race.
△ relinquish, surrender
to end the existence of (a custom, an institution, etc)
Ex: Some people think that the death penalty should be abolished.
to feel hatred or disgust for (sth/sb); to detest; to loathe
△ detest, abhor, loathe
(esp of people) inhabiting a land from a very early period, esp before the arrival of colonists
△ autochthonous, indigenous, native
△ abandon, recall, repeal, rescind, revoke
to wear away by rubbing; to scrape off
Ex: The boy fell down and abraded his knees.
△ chafe, erode, fray, frazzle, fret, gall
to make (a book, etc) shorter, esp by using fewer words; to condense
Ex: This is an abridged edition of 'War and Peace'.
★ brief, abbreviate, abridged
△ curtail, retrench
to cancel, repeal or annul (sth)
Ex: Both governments voted to abrogate the treaty.
△ annul, invalidate, nullify, negate, repeal, revoke
1. to go away suddenly and secretly, esp in order to avoid arrest; 2. to go away taking sth to which one has no right
Ex: He absconded from the bank with all the money.
△ flee, lam
to state formally that sb. is not guilty or responsible for sth
Ex: I absolve you from your vows.
△ acquit, exculpate, exonerate, vindicate (-diction)
to keep oneself form doing or enjoying sth, esp from taking alcoholic drinks; to refrain; to decline to use one's vote
Ex: He swore to abstain from smoking.
★ maintain (-tain = hold)
△ forbear, refrain
not taking much food or drink; not self-indulgent; moderate
△ abstentious, abstinent, continent, sober, temperate
★ distract (-tract = draw, to pull away)
difficult to understand
Ex: Your statement is a bit abstruse.
1.濫用，妄用 2.虐待，剝削 3.說壞話，詆毀...
to make bad or wrong use of (sth); to treat (sb) badly; to exploit; to speak insultingly to or about (sb); to attack in words
to touch along a border or with a projecting part
Ex: The new library abuts on the street where I live.
△ adjoin, flank
extremely bad; extreme; utter
Ex: The weather was abysmal.
to agree ( to a request, proposal, etc)
Ex: The chairman acceded to their request under pressure.
△ acquiesce, assent, consent, subscribe
to move or happen more quickly; to make (sth) move faster or happen earlier; to increase the speed of
★ celerity (celer- = speed)
△ boom, burgeon, escalate
to reach, enter or use sth
★ penetrate, pierce, accessible, accessory
to welcome (sb/sth) with shouts of approval; to applaud loudly
★ declaim, disclaim, exclaim, proclaim, reclaim
△ applaud, praise
to get used to a certain climate
Ex: Jim has become acclimated to life in a tropical climate.
△ accommodate, adjust
an upward slope
★ incline (-cli = lean)
△ ascent, upgrade, uprise
to prise or honer
a person who helps another to do sth wicked or illegal
△ abettor, accessary
to agree or be in harmony with sth; to correspond with sth; to give or grant sth to sb
Ex: His description of the incident does not accord with yours.
△ agree, coincide, concur
to approach and speak to (sb) boldly
Ex: I had been waiting there some little time, and then I was accosted by a stranger.
growth or increase by means of gradual additions
Ex: Beach accretion is generally a much slower process than beach erosion.
to come as a natural increase or advantage, esp financial; to accumulate
to make somebody feel angry or disappointed about something over a long period of time
Ex: That he called others' bad name really acerbated his father.
△ exapserate, irritate
(esp of speech or manner) harsh and sharp
of or like vinegar
△ acetous, vinegary
sharp or bitter in taste or manner
Ex: An acidulous man cannot really succeed.
△ sour, sourish, tart, tartish, vinegary
1. 承認 2. 感謝 3. 打招呼（表認識）
to accept the truth of (sth); to admit (sth);
Ex: The government won't acknowledge the potential for a crisis.
the highest stage of development; the highest point of perfection.
△ apex, climax, culmination, pinnacle, summit
the shape and size of a room, which affect the way sound is heard in it; the scientific study of sound
Ex: The acoustics of the hall are so good that you can hear everything even from the cheapest seats.
to accept sth without protest; to offer no opposition (to a plan, conclusion, etc)
△ [accede, assent, consent, subscribe] (without protest)
to declare sb to be not guilty (of a crime, etc); to free or clear sb (of blame, responsibility, etc)
Ex: He was acquitted of the crime.
△ absolve, exculpate, exonerate, vindicate
having a strongly bitter smell or taste; bitter in temper or manner; caustic
△ acerbic, accidulous, acrimonious, caustic, mordant, pungent, scathing
(of an argument, etc) angry and full of strong bitter fellings and words
△ acerbic, accidulous, acrid, caustic, mordant, pungent, scathing
the use of direct and noticeable action to achieve a result, usually a political or social one
to make (a machine, an electrical device, etc) move or work; to make (a process) begin
△ activate, spark, trigger
the ability to understand and judge things quickly and clearly; shrewdness
△ discernment, insight, perception
a traditional saying; a proverb
Ex: Her experience lends credence to the adage "We live and learn!"
△ aphorism, apothegm, byword, dictum, maxim, motto, proverb
(esp of a person or his manner) firmly or stubbornly determined; unwilling to be persuaded
Ex: I've tried to persuade him to chagne his mind but he's adamant.
△ inflexible, obdurate
△ accommodate, adjust, conform
a strong need that someone feels to regularly take an illegal or harmful drug, without being able to stop
to confuse (sth/sb); to muddle
Ex: Being in love must have addled your brain.
★ muddle, obfuscate
△ baffle, bamboozle, befuddle, confound, nonplus
to put (sth) forward as an example or as proof
Ex: I could adduce several reasons for his strange behavior.
△ cite, instance, mention, quote
expert or skillful in (doing) sth
△ expert, proficient
to give support (to sth); to remain faithful (to sth)
Ex: He adhered to the faith of the party.
★ coherence (-here = stick)
△ cleave, cling, stick
a thing that is added or attached to sth else but is less important and not essential
Ex: Spices are vital substances which are used as adjuncts to food.
△ appendix, appendage, accessory
to command or request (sb) earnestly or solemnly; to entreat or request earnestly or solemnly
Ex: I adjure you to spare him.
△ beg, beseech, entreat, implore, supplicate, (!= importune)
to advise or urge seriously; to tell someone that you disapprove of their wrong or foolish behavior
△ chide, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove
to add beauty or ornament to sth/sb/oneself
Ex: The house was adorned with many paintings.
△ deck, decorate, embellish, garnish, ornament
△ cunning, deft, dexterous, ingenious
excessive admiration or praise; flattery
Ex: How do you feel about all this adulation and hero worship?
△ deification, idolatry, idolization, worship
to make (sth) poorer in quality by adding another substance
△ dilute, thin
to suggest (esp a coming event) in advance; to foreshadow
Ex: The oracle adumbrated about the Armageddon.
△ forerun, foreshadow, harbinger, herald, prefigure, protend, premonition
the approach or arrival of (an important person, event, etc)
Ex: The advent of the transportation changed people's life entirely.
not planned; accidental
△ accidental, supervenient
not favourable; contrary
★ adversary, != averse
a difficult or unlucky situation or event; an unfortunate event or circumstances
△ mischance, misfortune, mishap
to mention something
Ex: It was briefly adverted at the group metting.
△ allude, mention, refer
to speak publicly in favour of (sth); to recommend; to support
△ champion, uphold
Ex: Medical supplies are flied in under the aegis of the UN.
△ buckler, ward
concerned with beauty and the appreciation of beauty
★ aesthetics, aesthete, != ascetic
△ artistic, attractive
polite and friendly
Ex: He was affable and had no side.
★ fable, fabulous, infant, affability
△ genial, gracious, cordial, sociable
to pretend to have or feel
Ex: She affects the helpless female.
Ex: He affects not to see her.
★ effect, affected, disaffect
1. n.附屬機構，分公司 2. v.使隸屬於...，使接納為成員...
a branch organization; to attach (a person, a society, an institution, etc) to a larger organization
Ex: The college is affiliated to the university.
★ filament (fil- = filial)
△ associate, assort, consort
to state sth as truth; to assert sth
△ assert, declare, protest
abundance of money, goods, property; wealth
a disturbance of the peace caused by fighting or rioting in a public place
△ boil, fracas, melee, row, ruckus (<- ruction + rumpus), ruction, rumpus
(of the mouth) wide open, esp. with wonder
a list or program of things to be done or considered
△ docket, timetable
to (cause sth to) become collected to a mass
Ex: The shape of this galaxy indicates an obvious tendency for its matter to agglomerate.
△ wad, agglomeration
to increase the power, rank, wealth or importance of (a person or country)
Ex: The king sought to aggrandize himself.
to be formed or bring sb into an assembled group or amoun
Ex: The crowd are aggregating.
filled with horror or amazement
Ex: He stood aghast at the sight of so much blood.
★ gory, sanguinary
a quality or state of being active
△ dexterity, nimbleness
to excite an often trouble the mind or feelings
Ex: Most politicians are master at agitating their supporters.
△ disquiet, fluster, perturb, upset
★ discompose, agitation
(of the cultivation or ownership) of land
prompt and eager readiness; speed or quickness; celerity
Ex: He ran with alacrity.
Ex: We accepted the invitation with alacrity.
Ex: Whether improvised or remembered, the retort certainly shows intellectual alacrity.
a medieval form of chemistry, the chief aim of which was to discover how to turn ordinary metals into gold
a name by which a person is called at other times or in other places; a false name
△ byname, cognomen (<- co + nomen), epithet, moniker, sobriquet
to cause sb to become unfriendly or indifferent; to estrange sb
△ disaffect, estrange
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