字彙聖經 031 - 045
Terms in this set (95)
=odorous, fragrant, redolent
Ex: He was arraigned for theft.
1. to place in battle order 佈署
2. to dress or clothe 穿著；打扮
=disdainful, haughty, insolent, lordly, overbearing, supercilious
Ex: How dare he is to arrogate all the credit to himself.
to speak clearly and distinctly
a clever trickery; a deception
=feint, maneuver, ruse, stratagem, wile
a position of power, strength or success
leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial, especially for spiritual improvement
to consider sth to be caused by, written by or belonging to sb/sth
(of wounds, dressings, etc) free from bacteria that cause a thing to become septic; surgically clean
stupid or stubborn
harshness or severity, esp of manner
★ exasperate （v. 使惱怒） <-sper: spurn 一腳踢開>
Ex: In his childhood, he aspired to become a great general.
★ aspiration, aspirant
to attack sb violently or repeatedly
Ex: All sorts of problems assailed us suddenly
to test the quality of (a metal); to analyse (eg. an ore)
Ex: assay the situation
Ex: This ore assays high in gold.
Ex: She asserted her innocence.
Ex: The boss asserted his authority by punishing his employees.
=appraise, estimate, evaluate, rate, value
showing constant and careful attention
=diligent, industrious, sedulous
to become part of another social group or state
=allay, alleviate, mitigate, relieve
Ex: Asteroid has become commonplace to the readers of interstellar travel stories in science fiction magazines.
★ -old: like, steroid
able to make the skin feel less oily or to stop a cut from bleeding; styptic
△ colossal, immense, mammoth, vast
clever and quick at seeing how to gain an advantage; shrewd
=perspicacious, sagacious, shrewd
a belief that there is no God
great wickedness or cruelty; a very wicked or cruel act
★ atrocious （殘暴的）
=atrociousness, barbarity, heinousness
(of a part of the body) to be reduced in size and therefor strength, or , more generally, to become weaker
Ex: Lacking of exercise can atrophy our muscles.
to be or give clear proof of sth
△ certify, vouch
△ ascribe ... to ...
a process of gradually weakening sb's strength and confidence by continuous harassment
Ex: The long war of attrition exhausted the strength of both countries.
★ contrite, trite <-trit: rub 磨擦>
★ cheek, chutzpah, hutzpah
△ effrontery, gall, hardihood, nerve, temertiy
to examine (accounts, etc) officially
Ex: Next month, our customer will audit us.
Ex: This rain augurs well for harvest.
★ augury, inauguration, inaugurate
=bode, forbode, omen
showing signs of future success; favorable; promising
Ex: I'm pleased that you've made such an auspicious start to the new term.
(of a person or his behavior) severely and strictly moral; having no pleasures or comforts
△ ascetic, severe, stern
to prove that sth is true or real.
△ corroborate, substantiate (to demonstrate or prove)
having power to give orders and make others obey; that can be trusted; reliable
a ruler who has complete power
Ex: He was an accomplished politician and a crafty autocrat.
△ monarch, potentate, sovereign, sovran
△ acquisitive, covetous, grasping
to assert or affirm with confidence; declare in a positive or peremptory manner.
△ affirm, assert, avow, protest, declare
not liking sth; opposed to sth
Ex: She is averse to come.
Ex: I would not be averse to taking a drink.
△ disinclined, hesitant, loath, reluctant
△ obviate, prelude
a calling away from one's occupation.
<-ab: off>, <-vocation: vocare, voice, call>
△ hobby, recreation (refreshment by eating)
to declare (sth) openly; to admit
Ex: The avowed aim of the government is to reduce taxation.
△ affirm, assert, declare, protest
a feeling of respect combined with fear or wonder
Ex: Her first view of the Taj Mahal filled her with awe.
△ admiration, amazement
in a position that is turned or twisted toward one side; off the correct or expected course (usually used after go)
Ex: Boston whale-watching cruise goes awry, gets stuck at sea for 15 hours.
△ askew, amiss
He was setting forth an important axiom.
to talk in a way that is difficult or impossible to understand; the sound of many people speaking at the same time; the sounds a baby makes before beginning to say actual words
△ bumble, gabble, jabber
involving a lot of drinking of alcohol, uncontrolled behavior and possibly sexual activity
△ carouse, quaff, orgiastic
to pester sb; to nag sb persistently
△ hound, pester, plague
playful teasing; banter
something small and unimportant; a short and light musical composition, typically for the piano.
Ex: Don't waste your time on these bagatelle.
to be too difficult for sb to understand; to puzzle
to entice, esp by trickery or strategy; to attack or torment, esp with persistent insults, criticism, or ridicule
△ entice, lure
threatening evil or harm
△ malign, sinister
to be unwilling to do sth or let sth happen, because you believe that it's wrong or that it'll cause problems; to obstruct or prevent (sth) deliberately
Ex: He balked me to carry out my plan.
△ flinch, recoil
Ex: Sleep was a balm to his troubles.
Ex: the balm of flowers
(of air, weather etc) warm and pleasant
★ balm, soothe
△ triteness, inane, insipid, jejune, vapid
to exchange words, etc, esp when quarrelling
Ex: Don't bandy words with me, young man!
△ bandiage, quarrel
to speak playfully or jokingly
△ chaf, jape, jest
of the highly ornate style fashionable in the arts (esp architecture) in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries
a barrier built across a river to store water for irrigation, prevent flooding, etc; heavy continuous gunfire directed onto a particular area to restrict enemy movement; (a large number of questions, criticisms, etc) delivered quickly, one after the other
Ex: Owing to take wrong approaches to deal with the crisis, the cabinet now has to face to the barrage of angry complaints.
△ advocate, attorney, counsel, counseller, pleader
to exchange (goods, property, etc) for other goods, etc without using money
Ex: The local people bartered wheat for farm machinery.
to enjoy sitting or lying in the heat of the sun or a fire; enjoy the approval or attention that you are getting from other people
a person or thing defending or protecting sth that is threatened
Ex: Bastion's Keep Stronghold in Diablo 3 (戍衛要塞堡壘)
to reduce the force or intensity of; to restrain
Ex: Until it was time to open the presents, the children had to bate their curiosity.
★ with bated breath
to thrive or live well at the expense of sb/sth, or so as to injure sb/sth
Ex: They were warned against the companies who batten on the efforts of others.
a showy ornament of little value
showing or giving great joy and serenity; blissful
Ex: I wish I can bring her a beatific life.
△ blessed, blissful
great happiness; blessedness
Ex: He thought it would be the beatitude can accompany her.
△ blessedness, bliss, felicity
to make wet and limp
Ex: He bedraggled my leather sculpture by upsetting a cup of water on it.
△ douse, drench, sodden, sop, souse, waterlog
Ex: He beguiled me into lending him money.
△ deceive, delude, mislead
owing thanks or indebted to sb (behold = see)
Ex: We were much beholden to him for his kindness.
Ex: Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder.
to be necessary or proper for sb
Ex: It behooves you to be courteous at all times.
Ex: The critic belabored the new policy harshly.
coming very late or too late
Ex: He made a belated apology.
△ behindhand, overdue, tardy
to surround with troops
Ex: Civilians trapped in the beleaguered city have been airlifted to safety.
to give someone a false idea about something
Ex: His cheerful manner belied his real feelings.
to make (a person or an action) seem unimportant or of little value
△ depreciate, disparage
△ rebel, belligerent, contentious, pugnacious, quarrelsome, truculent
waging war; engaged in a conflict; showing an eagerness to fight or argue; aggressvie
△ rebel, belligerent, contentious, pugnacious, quarrelsome, truculent
△ benison, blessing