1. For example, we use "um" and "ah" to hold onto the "conversational floor" as we are planning what we are going to say next, with "ah" signaling a short delay and "um" signaling a longer delay.
1. The good news is that you can turn this weakness into a strength by replacing fillers with pauses.
2. Research suggests that most conversational speech consists of short (0.20 seconds), medium (0.60 seconds), and long (over 1 second) pauses.
3. Great public speakers often pause for two to three seconds or even longer.
4. Our phonetic data shows that the average speaker only uses 3.5 pauses per minute, and that's not enough.
5. Pauses aren't easy to embrace.
6. For many speakers, even the briefest pause can feel like an interminable silence.
Other sets by this creator
Read the news article below about the 1996 visit of Pope John Paul II to Nicaragua. Then, answer the questions that follow.
"MANAGUA, Nicaragua (Feb. ) Pope John Paul on Wednesday hailed Central America's transformation from superpower battleground to peaceful democracy, saying the change showed the hand of God in human history. In impromptu remarks at the end of a joyful open-air Mass celebrated before more than cheering supporters in a lakeside plaza, John Paul... said, 'Today we can see that you are the master of your own human, Christian, Nicaraguan destiny.' The crowd gathered beneath the tropical blue sky roared 'Pope, Pope, Pope' in approval and thundered its applause. ... During his visit, the Pope was forced to shout for silence as Sandinista protesters heckled him during Mass.... The Pope said on arriving on Wednesday that his message remained the same as in -one of peace and reconciliation. ... Analysts say the Sandinistas, now in opposition, have no option but to play the Catholic card if they want to have a chance of winning the presidential election this year in a country where enthusiasm for the Pope has reached fever pitch."
-Reuters Information Service
(a) How did the response to the pope in differ from the response to him in ?
(b) How can you explain the change?