2.2c LEARN Vocabulary from HBR How to Stop Saying Um Ah

Get a hint
verbalize

verb
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 33
1 / 33
Terms in this set (33)
verbalize

verb
to express ideas, opinions, or emotions in words.

1. Studies suggest that we verbalize hesitations because we've been conditioned to fill the void even when we don't have something to say.
hesitation

noun
the act of pausing before doing something, especially because you are nervous or not certain.

1. Studies suggest that we verbalize hesitations because we've been conditioned to fill the void even when we don't have something to say.
(to) be conditioned to do (something)

phrasal verb
to learn over time or been taught to anticipate something

1. So why isn't our speech fluent? Studies suggest that we verbalize hesitations because we've been conditioned to fill the void even when we don't have something to say
to fill a/the void

idiom
to provide or replace something that's needed

1. Studies suggest that we verbalize hesitations because we've been conditioned to fill the void even when we don't have something to say.
conversational floor

phrase
a term used to describe the situation when one person is talking in a group of people, without being interrupted

1. For example, we use "um" and "ah" to hold onto the "conversational floor" as we are planning what we are going to say next, with "ah" signaling a short delay and "um" signaling a longer delay.
(to) signal

verb
to show that something is going to happen or that you are going to do something.

1. For example, we use "um" and "ah" to hold onto the "conversational floor" as we are planning what we are going to say next, with "ah" signaling a short delay and "um" signaling a longer delay.
embrace

verb
to accept something with great interest or enthusiasm.

1. To Eliminate Crutch Words, Embrace the Pause
2. Pauses aren't easy to embrace.
pause

noun
a moment in which something, such as a sound or an activity, stops before starting again.

1. The good news is that you can turn this weakness into a strength by replacing fillers with pauses.
2. Research suggests that most conversational speech consists of short (0.20 seconds), medium (0.60 seconds), and long (over 1 second) pauses.
3. Great public speakers often pause for two to three seconds or even longer.
4. Our phonetic data shows that the average speaker only uses 3.5 pauses per minute, and that's not enough.
5. Pauses aren't easy to embrace.
6. For many speakers, even the briefest pause can feel like an interminable silence.
phonetic

adj
relating to the sounds made in speaking.

1. Our phonetic data shows that the average speaker only uses 3.5 pauses per minute, and that's not enough.
briefest

adj
lasting only a short time or containing few words.

1. For many speakers, even the briefest pause can feel like an interminable silence
interminable

adj
continuing for too long and seeming never to end.

1. For many speakers, even the briefest pause can feel like an interminable silence.
(to) tend to do (something)

phrasal verb
to be likely to behave in a particular way or have a particular characteristic.

1. That's because we tend to think faster than we speak.
discrepancy

noun
a difference between two figures, results, etc. that are expected to be the same.

1. Because of this discrepancy, when you're giving a speech, your perception of time is often distorted, and what feels like an eternity in your mind is actually a few short seconds for the audience.
perception

noun
the way that someone thinks and feels about a company, product, service, etc.

1. Because of this discrepancy, when you're giving a speech, your perception of time is often distorted, and what feels like an eternity in your mind is actually a few short seconds for the audience.
distorted

adj
false or wrong.

1. Because of this discrepancy, when you're giving a speech, your perception of time is often distorted, and what feels like an eternity in your mind is actually a few short seconds for the audience.