Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (23)
Holistic, integrated and positive concept of health and wellbeing. Also acknowledges that health is multidimensional; biological, psychological and social aspects of health must be taken into consideration.
The possibility of harm or putting something in danger
Types of behaviour that are proven to be associated with increased susceptibility to a specific disease
The susceptibility to negative outcomes under certain conditions
Influences that limit the likelihood of high risk behaviour
Successful adaptation to the environment despite exposure to risk
Existence of potential harm
Awareness, or lack thereof, of harm
Acting to protect against harm
3 aspects of risk
An approach that understands the vulnerability to risk behaviour as being influenced by multiple contexts
Bronfenbrenner's four levels of influence.
Individual or Intrapersonal level
ESA- Refers to various factors such as the knowledge, behaviour and attitude of an individual to the risk situation.
ESA- Refers to the people who influence an individual's attitude to a risk situation.
ESA- Refers to the manner in which one's community is designed with regards to both physical and social aspects has the opportunity to promote health behaviour.
ESA- Policies are put in place to control the risk at which some thing happen.
Situation centered interventions
Works with individuals and groups to promote health-protective behaviour snd enhance resilience.
Focuses on creating environments with protective factors that enable individuals and groups to practice healthy behaviour.
Health Belief Model
A value-expectancy theory used to understand why individuals may or may not participate in public health programmes or alter their behaviour to improve their health
Perceived susceptibility=> chances of getting the condition
Perceived severity=> how serious the condition is perceived to be
Perceived benefits=> how chancing lifestyle will help an individual
Perceived barriers=> anything preventing one from changing their lifestyle
Cue to action=> something external that influences one to act
Self-efficacy=> the self-confidence for someone achieve positive change
The 6 constructs of the HBM
Stages of Change Model (Transtheoretical Model)
A model with various stages explaining how people give up addictive behaviour
Pre-contemplation=> individual has no intention of changing
Contemplation=> aware of the problem and are considering changing
Preparation=> start taking small steps towards change
Action=> taking significant steps towards change
Maintenance=> making every effort to prevent relapse
The stages of SCM
Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA)
The theory proposes that people's behaviour results from an intention to carry out the behaviour, which in turn is determined by a combination of their attitude towards the behaviour, together with their beliefs about what others, whose opinions are valued, want them to do.
Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)
extension of TRA through its concept of perceived behavioural control takes into account structural constraints or facilitators in behavioral intentions.
Social cognitive model
explores the reciprocal interactions of people and their environments and the psychosocial determinants of health behaviour.
Components of social cognitive model
Through social capital=> memberships of societal groups or networks
How can community social networks act as a protective barrier?
Other Quizlet sets
ECCouncil Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator(C…
PH1 7Y 3xam
EXERCISE 12: IN VIVO DETERMINATION OF THE DEPENDEN…