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Terms in this set (60)
photograph of the land taken from an aeroplane
when the majority of the population is made up of elderly people
Central Business District (CBD)
a central area of a city where there is a concentration of retail and business buildings
circular settlement pattern
When buildings nucleate around a central focus point, This creates a circular outlying shape
a group of large cities and their suburbs, consisting of three to ten million people
a process whereby people move from urban to rural areas
crossroad's settlement pattern
When buildings nucleate where roads or rivers cross each other. This creates a cross outlying shape.
a settlement pattern where the dwellings (buildings) are isolated from each other
land that contains the nutrients needed to grow and cultivate crops, another word for such land is arable.
function of a settlement
the reason why a settlement developed in the first place
Areas found within or surrounding the CBD and transition zones. These areas are characterised by parks and recreation facilities.
It has a tiny population (<100), very few services, and few buildings. They may have been formed around a single source of economic activity such as farming, mining etc. that employs its working population.
industry that has heavy machinery and produces a lot of pollution.
high income residential
a residential zone found furthest away from the CBD with low density per unit area
houses that are often made by people who live in them. They can also be made from informal materials.
a settlement built on undeveloped land within the urban area. The houses are built using very poor-quality housing with no services or facilities.
the physical structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society or enterprise
it would only have 1 or 2 buildings or families living in it. They are surrounded by land used for primary activities
different ways the land is used
a town that has a population of 20 000 to 100 000
industry that does not have heavy machinery and does not produce a lot of pollution
linear settlement pattern
where buildings nucleate along a road or river forming a linear outlying shape
low income residential
a residential zone found closest to the CBD with high density per unit area
a process where one uses machinery to complete a task
a group of conurbations, consisting of more than 10 million people each
middle income residential
a residential zone found in between the high and low income areas with medium density per area
the movement of people from one place to another
multiple nuclei model
The model describes the layout of a city. It says that even though a city may have begun with a Central business or CBD. Other smaller CBDs have now developed on the outskirts of the city
groups of people who travel and change settlements frequently
a settlement pattern where the dwellings are clustered or compacted
oblique aerial photograph
camera is tilted at an angle so you can see the horizon
settlements that are fixed and do not move from their location
a condition where people's basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter are not being met.
primary economic activity
this sector of the economy extracts or harvests products from the earth.
a social, political, economic or environmental attraction to a new area
a social, political, economic or environmental force that drives people away from a location
the shape (or topography) of the land. Whether it is flat or hilly.
the area where people live
a settlement characterised by primary activities, little infrastructure, one function and not many services
as a result of rural depopulation, the rural area becomes neglected and run down. Productivity decreases.
the movement of people out of rural areas into urban areas as a result of urbanisation
found on the out-skirt of the city where the rural and urban areas overlap
a picture of the land based on information supplied from a satellite positioned above Earth in space
secondary economic activity
This sector of the economy manufactures finished goods. All of manufacturing, processing and construction lies within this sector.
a place where people live
a system used to classify settlements based on their physical size, population size and number of functions available.
a settlement made up of shacks
a town with a population from 1000 to 20 000
a residential area away from the centre of an urban area
settlements that are set up on a temporary basis, not to be reset up again
tertiary economic activity
this sector of the economy is the service industry. this sector provides services to the general population and to businesses
t-junction settlement pattern
when buildings nucleate at a road junction forming a T or Y outlying shape
when one does not have a job
a settlement characterised by secondary and tertiary activities, lots of infrastructure, many functions and many services
the spreading outwards of a city and its suburbs into outlying rural areas
a process whereby more and more of the world's population live in urban areas
vertical aerial photograph
taken from the air where the camera is perpendicular to the ground. It gives a "bird's eye" view of the land
this settlement generally does not have many services, possibly only a small corner shop or post office. It has a population of 100 to 1000
a separate area that has a particular function or use
zone of decay
a mixture of poorer quality housing, old industrial, newer industrial, newer residential and light industry buildings
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